The Dangerous Effects of Alcohol

Drivers of smaller vehicles sharing roads with 18-wheelers would never think that the driver of the truck beside or in front of them is sleepy or alcohol-impaired, unless there are obvious signs that would show these. Hundreds of data, however, show that many drivers were indeed either falling asleep or alcohol-impaired prior to accidents. As a matter of fact, with regard to use of alcohol and drugs by truck drivers, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) says that it actually is the second major reason behind truck accidents.

Drivers operating a commercial vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GWVR) exceeding 33000 lb, like 18-wheelers, big-rigs or semi-trailers, observe a higher standard where alcohol intoxication limit is the issue. Compared to the 0.08% blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit imposed on drivers of smaller vehicles, such as cars, SUVs, and pick-ups, the BAC limit for commercial drivers is 0.04%. This means that anyone who will be caught driving with this BAC level can be charged with driving under the influence (DUI).

Big-rig drivers, however, has more to worry about than just having a 0.04% BAC level because those who will be found with a 0.02% BAC level can also be suspended from driving for about 24 hours, while those who will register a 0.08%, even when off-duty, may still be charged with a DUI.

The need and desire to stay awake and alert in order to cover more road miles are what make drivers drink and continue to drive even while feeling the effects of alcohol. This is one of the saddest effects of getting paid by the mile (about .40 cents per mile). However, rather than making them awake and alert, alcohol will only make them sleepier and more impaired.

It is the duty and responsibility of drivers to always stay sober when operating their truck. Alcohol, though, will lessen their ability to safely operate the huge and dangerous vehicles they are driving, putting the lives of so many in danger because alcohol can result to:

  • Slowed and impaired motor control
  • Inability to remain focused on the roadway
  • Delayed reaction times
  • Heightened risk of falling asleep
  • Compromised judgment and decision making abilities

Any act in violation of the laws against drunk-driving can make truck drivers face serious criminal chargers, harsh penalties, and civil liabilities for whatever injuries and damages their drunkenness might cause.

Boston injury lawyers at Crowe & Mulvey, LLP know all too well how much innocent motorists can suffer because of accidents involving large trucks. Frequently, victims of these accidents are left suffering from ongoing pain and suffering, significant medical bills resulting from their treatment, and enduring emotional trauma. Fortunately, however, legal action can be taken against those responsible for causing these accidents, which may be able to help victims secure the financial compensation and closure they need.

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Why Do Dogs Bite – Warning Signs and Prevention

Dogs are man’s best friend. They will protect you, remain loyal, give companionship, and others. They are sweet and cuddly as a pet. However, when provoked or for other reasons, dogs can also be your worst enemy. The owner of a dog has a legal obligation to restrain the dog and failure to do so could be considered negligence, especially when physical harm occurs to an innocent party.

Have you ever wondered why dogs bite? Dogs will not bite just because they want to. There are several reasons they do so. While they have the ability to inhibit themselves from biting, they bite when their restrain for biting is exceeded. Here are the reasons dogs will bite:

1. Dogs bite in order to protect their territory. This is true when a stranger tries to approach their owner or the home of their masters.

2. Dogs bite when they are provoked. For example, when you take something away from them or when you step over the dog. The behavior of individuals around them can provoke the dog to bite.

3. The dog is either injured or sick.

4. The dog gets overly excited while engaging in rough play with a child

5. For pregnant dogs, they will bite if someone tries to take their puppies away

6. They are just having a bad day

Warning Signs

The good news is that there are warning signs that the dog will send you if they will bite. Some of the common indicators include the following:

  • Direct eye contact
  • Growling, snapping, and showing of teeth
  • Wagging of tail. Some tail wags indicates that the dog is a little bit hesitant and may want to bite you. If the tail is wagging slightly, that is a sign that they are ready to bite you.
  • Turning their heads away from you or getting up and moving away
  • Scratching, biting, or licking themselves
  • Yawning

Preventing Dogs From Biting

According to a report by the American Veterinary Medical Association, Task Force on Canine Aggression and Human-Canine Interactions, there are five factors that can determine whether a dog will bite.

1. Breed of the parents. Aggression is built-in in certain breeds of dogs and this helps determine whether the dog will bite.
2. Socialization. By training the dog to feel comfortable in different situations, you can prevent them from biting.
3. Training. If the dog was trained to be aggressive to people, this can be a danger. But poor or no training at all can also be bad.
4. Health. When the dog is injured, sick, or in pain, it can be a stimuli for biting.
5. Behavior of the victim. If the people around the dog provokes them to bite.

Understanding warning signs can help prevent dogs from biting.

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